Fallow deer (Dama dama) are native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, though they have been introduced to other parts of the world. They are known for their distinctive spotted coat, ranging from pale fawn to deep chestnut. Both males and females possess antlers, with males having larger and more complex ones.
Fallow deer have been introduced globally for hunting and aesthetic purposes. While they are not endangered, they play a role in some ecosystems and are sometimes managed through hunting to control their populations. These majestic animals have long been a source of both meat and antler tools for thousands of years in what is now modern-day Iraq. Cuneiform inscriptions from around 2500 BCE mention early domestication and hunting of fallow deer.